My father, Brother and wife are vets. My father passed away, and my brother is in charge of the company that makes feed and medicine for about 80% of the commercial farming in the country.
Based only on the regulations in the Dominican Republic. Veterinarians follow different regulations and different governing bodies from human health care. The regulations are more relaxed. I believe the same situation is in most countries, including US.
As for Medicine. Humans and animals use basically the same active and inactive ingredients in medicine. there is a difference in the grade. There is human grade and animal grade. You cannot use animal grade on human medicine, but you can use human grade on Animals. Human grade is more expensive though. However, the vast majority of the ingredients do not have this distinction: Vitamins, Ivermectin, etc.
The standards for production are different. The loss of a human life due to problematic production is considered worse than loss of animal life, but the liability is usually worse on animals because the doses are usually multiplied for entire farms. The precision in ingredients need to be better on human medicine, the hygiene is better, and the equipment is better, but not by much.
In veterinaries, you treat animals different than humans. For starters, two humans wont attempt to kill themselves if placed in the same room. (well, for the most part). Most animal diseases are not transmitted to humans, but there are some that are, and basic protocol is to do everything to avoid getting infected by those and to avoid the spread of diseases between the animals. As for medical procedures, are basically the same for both. Broken bones, lacerations, burns, etc. are usually treated the same way for both humans and animals.