There is a long, well documented history of people who are sometimes referred to as "free market fundamentalists" trying to undermine science because they associate any kind of government intervention in the free market with their big boogeyman, communism. That's why you see the exact same people and think tanks involved in the tobacco wars, and denialism around climate change, acid rain, DDT, CFCs, and other such environmental regulation issues, as well as, originally, the Star Wars program. See, for example, Naomi Oreskes' work for a detailed history of these think tanks (particularly, the George C. Marshall Institute, though they touch on several others as well). These people are most decidedly not "liberals" in any modern sense of the term that I've ever come across, but I think the term "extremist libertarian" fits them to a tee.
Of course, probably not all of them are ideologues. Being on the side of big business against science can be pretty profitable. But the anti-government narrative is a definite recurring theme.